While researching the provenance of a fifteenth-century drawing in the collection of the British Museum, I came across one of the most famous items in the institution’s Prints and Drawings department, the ‘Jewellery Book’. I was intrigued by the name of the volume, and learned that it contained drawings of jewels that were designed under the patronage of King Henry VIII by the artist Hans Holbein.
Holbein worked in England during the sixteenth century and is famous for the imposing portraits he painted of Henry VIII and his wives. The incredibly detailed paintings depicted the monarch and his family wearing expensive embroidered fabrics and sparkling jewels, and they have become emblematic of the excesses of the Tudor king’s reign. What is less well known is that Holbein himself may have designed some of the king’s jewels that he painted. Holbein was not only a painter, but was also an accomplished draughtsman who created designs for everything from jewelry and gem-encrusted dishes to precious objets d’art for his royal patrons.
Few jewels that were designed by Holbein exist today (like many pieces of jewelry from the Renaissance, they were likely melted down so that the gold could be sold or reused), but the artist’s talent at designing precious jewels and crafting settings for important gems is evidenced in the copious number of jewelry drawings that he left behind in the rather mysterious ‘Jewellery Book’, which was bequeathed to the British Museum by one of its founders, Sir Hans Sloane, during the eighteenth century.
The tome contains a multitude of drawings of opulent designs for jewels, intricate clasps and other precious objets, including carefully crafted jewelry boxes. This book of sketches was listed among Henry VIII’s possessions after his death, which leads scholars to believe that the designs were executed for none other than the monarch himself.
Though the king got rid of many of Anne’s closest allies after he had her beheaded, he kept Holbein at court. In fact, the jewelry album also contains designs that were executed for the king’s third wife Jane Seymour, such a pair of pendants that combined the couple’s initials. Holbein also worked on designs for many other members of the court and designed trinkets and jewels, many decorated with lover’s knots, that were meant to be given as private gifts. A number of the pieces he designed are decorated with mysterious initials and ciphers, which still beguile scholars and can only suggest the intrigues and scandals of the court of Henry VIII.
Two jewels by contemporary master Otto Jakob who is based in London. At left, the one-of-a-kind gold and enamel Boann brooch made in 2003 is set with a sapphire, an engraved carved flower, mico pavé set diamonds. At right, the one-of-a-kind gold and painted enamel Stapelia brooch made in 1999 is set with a ruby and yellow diamonds. Photos Otto Jakob
Today, the intricate metalwork, pronounced symbolism, and dangling pendants that were indicative of the style of the jewelry designed by Holbein has been largely abandoned. Although Holbeinesque jewelry became popular during the mid-nineteenth century as part of the fad for neo-gothic pieces, the style is not widely emulated today. However, some of the hallmarks of Renaissance jewelry, including the talismanic power and the detailed metalwork of the pieces, can be seen reflected in the work of the London based jeweler Otto Jakob. The designer’s pieces, which include many symbolic pendants executed in metal with exacting intricacy and decorated with fine enamelwork are reminiscent of the pieces that Holbein created for Henry VIII centuries ago, showing that fine craftsmanship never goes out of style.